Annual preventive maintenance is to have your watch checked by a watchmaker for breakages. A wristwatch polishing service can be offered in the workshop if the appearance of the chronometer has deteriorated.
Also for quartz watches, it is important to replace the battery. Depending on the model, the battery life can vary from 6 months to 5 years.
Timely solution to problems is to repair immediately after the incident. Below we detail all the tips on how to properly care for your watch in different situations.
Find out the water resistance level
Contact with water is unavoidable – everyone gets in the rain and washes their hands. It is important to emphasize the degree of water resistance of the watch right after purchase. Most mechanical watches are not allowed to get wet – they will have the label “water resistant” on the case. It means the watch is resistant to occasional splashes, but not to submergence. If you have a modern quartz or mechanical watch you may see the label “50m”. You will most often find this value on watches with an LCD display or on digital watches (also known as fitness bracelets or smart watches). You can swim at the surface in them (it is a misconception that 50m means diving to a depth of 50 meters). Shallow dives are possible with the marking “100m”, and full dives from scuba tanks are marked “200m”. As a rule, these are expensive sports watches, in which water resistance and with a larger numerical value – 300 and 400m are encountered.
Now that you know the water resistance of your watch, limit the scope of its use:
- do not wear the watch in the shower;
- take the watch off when you get home and then wash your hands;
- do not wear your watch in the pool (if it is water resistant);
- take off the watch when exercising: due to possible strokes or perspiration.
Once water has entered the watch (within your marking), remove all moisture from the surface to avoid corrosion. If, however, you have gone beyond the marking, contact a workshop to diagnose the problem. Your watch may need to be restored.
Rules of Daily Use
The most important rule for daily use of your watch we have covered is contact with water. However, there are other factors that affect the performance of the accessory.
Temperature fluctuations are dangerous for the watch. If the air under the case cools quickly, it leads to condensation. In some cases, it will not dissipate on its own, in which case only a visit to a watchmaker will help. The watch is opened, dried, assembled and sealed.
There is air inside the case where it can be compressed or expanded by temperature. This can lead to deformation. Sometimes it is invisible to the eye, but there has been a loss of water tightness. Moisture will get inside and lead to corrosion.
The effect of the magnet is underestimated by many watch owners. But still remember – magnetic radiation leads to complete failure of the mechanism.
Cosmetics should not be allowed to come into contact with the bracelet or case. This includes hair styling products, perfumes (men’s and women’s) and any other products. These may corrode the metal and may cause corrosion.
Shocks and falls
Manufacturers of expensive watches equip them with high-strength glasses. Mid-priced brands use sapphire crystal or mineral crystal. All are scratch-resistant, but remain extremely fragile. One unfortunate fall and the glass must be replaced.
It is important to know that the quartz and mechanical watches have moving parts that are dislodged if dropped, bumped or shaken violently. Because of this, the watch should not be used for sports, including running.
Straps and bracelets
Straps must be in good condition. Bracelets take two to six years to wear out, so replace them in good time. Avoid chafing, free swinging on the hands, watch the reliability of the lock. A temporary solution to the problem may be to replace the problematic links with replacement links.
Replacing a wristwatch strap is a matter of minutes, but can save the accessory from falls and serious damage.
Cleaning at home
It is imperative to keep your watch clean:
- When the markings are below 50m, wipe with a cloth or tissue. Stubborn dirt can be removed with a toothbrush.
- When the markings are above 50m, the watch can be washed in soapy water.
If accumulations of stubborn dirt appear, take the watch to a watchmaker.
Do not use abrasives or force to clean.